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Eternal warriors on guard of peace and memory 1 2016 , 12:14

Eternal warriors on guard of peace and memory

At the beginning of August, the Bank of Russia put into circulation fourteen 5-rouble commemorative coins of base metal of the Capitals of states rescued by the soviet forces from the German fascist invaders series struck at the Moscow Mint of Goznak.  

The new 5-rouble coins are of the round shape of the white colour with the diameter of 25.0 mm. There is a corbelled ridge on the coin obverse and reverse, the coin side surface has a non-continuous riffle. Each coin was struck in the number of two million pieces.  

In the center of the front side of the coins, the coin face value is located in two lines 5 ROUBLES, BANK OF RUSSIA inscription and the year of minting 2016  below it; there is a stylized plant twig left and right, and the trademark of the mint on the right.  

In their shape and diameter, the coins are similar to the standard 5-rouble coins, but a unique design is minted on the reverse of each coin symbols of the cities rescued by the soviet forces from the fascists during the Great Patriotic war.  

On the reverse of the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Ukraine, there is a relief image of a sculpture of the Monument and museum to the rescuers of Kiev memorial complex. In the top, there is an inscription KIEV around the circumference enframed with two stars, below is the date of rescue November 6, 1943.  

In the center of another coin, there is a relief image of a fragment of The Mound of Glory memorial in the Smolevich District of the Minsk Region. In the top, there is an inscription MINSK enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue of the capital of Belarus July 3, 1944.

On the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Lithuania from the German fascist invaders, there is a relief image of the monument to the Military Rescuers in Vilnius. In the top, there is an inscription VILNIUS enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue July 13, 1944.  

On the reverse of the fourth coin, there is a relief image of a fragment of the Military Glory Memorial in Kishinev. In the top, there is an inscription KISHINEV enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue August 24, 1944.  

In the center of the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Romania, there is a relief image of the monument to the Military Rescuer in Bucharest. In the top, there is an inscription BUCHAREST enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue August 31, 1944.  

On the reverse of the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Estonia from the German fascist aggressors, in the center there is a relief image of the monument to the Military Rescuer in Tallinn. In the top, there is an inscription TALLINN enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue September 22, 1944.  
On the reverse of the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Latvia from the German fascists, there is a relief image of the monument to the rescuers of Riga. In the top, there is an inscription RIGA enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue October 15, 1944.  

A relief image of a fragment of the monument to Military Rescuers is on the reverse of the coin dedicated to rescuing Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia at the time (the capital of Serbia now). In the top, there is an inscription BELGRADE enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue October 20, 1944.  

In the center of the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Poland, there is a relief image of the statuary at the Soviet Military Cemetery in Warsaw. In the top, there is an inscription WARSAW enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue January 17, 1945.

A relief image of the monument in honor of Military Rescuers in Budapest decorates the coin dedicated to rescuing the capital of Hungary. In the top, there is an inscription BUDAPEST enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue February 13, 1945.


On the reverse of the coin dedicated to rescuing Bratislava (a large city in Czechoslovakia during the war; the capital of independent Slovakia since 1993), there are relief images of fragments of the Monument-mausoleum to fallen soldiers of the Soviet Army in Bratislava. In the top, there is an inscription BUDAPEST enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue April 4, 1945.

The coin with a relief image of the Monument to soviet soldiers in Vienna commemorates rescuing the capital of Austria from the German fascists. In the top, there is an inscription VIENNA enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue April 13, 1945.

In the center of the reverse of the coin dedicated to rescuing Berlin, there is a relief image of the Monument to the Military Rescuer. In the top, there is an inscription BERLIN enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue May 2, 1945.

The fourteenth coin is dedicated to rescuing the capital of Czechia (the capital of Czechoslovakia until 1992). A relief image of a sculpture of the Memorial to the soviet soldiers in Prague is depicted on its reverse. In the top, there is an inscription PRAGUE enframed with two stars; below is the date of rescue May 9, 1945.  

Andrey Brynza, an artist of the Design Center of Goznak, created the sketches for all the fourteen coins. According to him, the concept of the new series correlates with the series of 5-rouble commemorative coins dedicated to the Victory in the war of 1812, the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic war, with the coin series dedicated to the heroic deed of the soviet soldiers in the Crimean Peninsula.

A monument to the heroes of great battles is the center of composition of all the coins, their conceptual dominant.  

However, this time by boss, Alexander Baklanov, a Peoples Artist of Russia, and I offered a new idea to go beyond depicting the monument only, but to add silhouettes of the European capitals rescued by the soviet soldiers from fascist invaders to the composition.  

At first I chose the monuments of memorial fragments to be depicted on the coins said Andrey Brynza. And after that I looked for a recognizable silhouette a city symbol known to the majority of the Russians. I wanted to find a real city symbol that would match the monument image.

The combination of a relief image in the foreground and the coin background also became an important stage of creating a coin it was necessary to join them laconically and very accurately.

For example, it is the silhouette of Kiev-Pecherskaya Laura on the coin dedicated to Kiev, the silhouettes of the city halls on the coins dedicated to Tallinn and Riga, the Brandenburg Gates and the TV tower on one dedicated to Berlin, Charles bridge for Prague  

Moreover, the silhouettes for the background were chosen from the point of view of their cultural and artistic value. Moreover, the monument and the city symbol combined on the coin could be in different city districts, but they were to create an image of the city.

Sketches of the 5-rouble coins require artistic laconism and completed simplicity of the image. Because it is a subsidiary coin, one cant count on the expressive means of the high technologies applied in minting coins of precious metals. But my and my colleagues artistic experience shows that sometimes simplicity can be very expressive and artistically convincing.    

I tried to make the simplified city silhouette and the relief monument create a clear comprehensible image of strong emotional impact. To divide the objects from one another and emphasize them, we experimented with the facture difference. The city silhouettes on the coins were made using the mechanical matting technique allowing to separate them from the rest of the coin surface. The monuments are relief. In spite of the fact that the monuments have many details, the modern technologies of coin minting allow to work them thoroughly.  

I believe that the artistic idea that it is thanks to the heroic deeds of people set in stone that the recognizable silhouettes of ancient cities have been preserved is easily read on the coins. As I already mentioned, the series concept correlates with the concepts of other series stylistically. Therefore, I had to keep the tradition and continuity. At the same time, I felt inventively obliged to make the series within the traditional framework, but with its own separate individuality, with an artistic spice, so to say.    

By the way,
Commemorative 5-rouble coins are not minted as often as 10-rouble ones, for example. Thus, in the 1990s, the Russian Ballet series of 5-rouble coins was produced. 5-rouble coins were a part of commemorative sets dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy and 50th anniversary of the Great Victory. They were produced of brass, cupronickel, palladium. In 2004, 2006 and 2008 commemorative 5-rouble coins were struck within the framework of the Golden Ring series (dedicated to Rostov, Uglich, Bogolyubovo, Yuriev-Polskiy, Pereslavl-Zalesskiy, Alexandrov) and were made of gold and silver.  

In 2012, the first series of commemorative 5-rouble coins of base metals appeared. It was a series of ten coins called The battles and important events of the Patriotic war of 1812 and foreign campaigns of the Russian army of 1813-1814.  

In 2014, the military theme was continued, and the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic war 1941-1945 series was issued. In 2015 the Heroic deed of the soviet warriors who fought in the Crimean Peninsula during the Great Patriotic war 1941-1945 series appeared.
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