Ancient Derbent has been minted on coins1 îêòÿáðÿ 2015 ãîäà
Ancient Derbent has been minted on coins
The silver 3- and 25-rouble and the gold 50-rouble coins compile a historical series called “The 2000th anniversary of foundation of Derbent, the Republic of Dagestan”.
Derbent has such a long history filled with events that it was impossible to put it to three coins. As a result, it was decided to depict the Coat of Arms of Derbent on the gold coin and images of the panorama of the old city on the two silver ones.
On the gold coin reverse, there is an inscription “The 2000th anniversary of foundation of the City of Derbent” around the circumference along the edge; it is divided with a fragment of the ornament in the bottom.
On the reverse of the 3-rouble silver coin, the panorama of the old Derbent is depicted. On the mirror surface of the discus one can see the city located on the mountain slope, it is surrounded with a castle wall, and there is a citadel on the top. In the foreground there are two travelers astride a donkey and a camel. All the major parts of the coin are relief; it confers volume to the image. In the top, along the edge there is an inscription “The 2000th anniversary of foundation of the City of Derbent”.
On the other silver coin of the historical series with the face value of 25 roubles, there is also a panorama of the city. But here it is presented as an ancient gravure on a scroll. The laser technology helped to achieve such an effect on the coin surface.
“The city panorama is shown on both the silver coins, but according to the concept, the coins should be different”, said Andrey Brynza, the author of sketches of all the three coins, an artist of the Design Center of Goznak . “Therefore it is a relief image on the 3-rouble coin, and it looks like a graphic picture on the 25-rouble one. There is a traditional ornament in the upper part of the coin. There are also relief images on the coin – a decorative dish, crossed sabers and daggers in the bottom part of the coin, to the left and to the right of them there are mountaineers in national costumes. Above, there is an inscription around the circumference, “The 2000th anniversary of foundation of the City of Derbent”.
“Of the products we manufactured in 2015, I liked the “Derbent” coin of the Bank of Russia best of all”, Sergay Boyev, Head Technologist of the Moscow Mint shared his opinion. “Laser engraving was applied for the production of tools for the coin. There is a relief and a laser part on the coin. They complement each other successfully. I would like to note the efforts of our tool makers. About a half of all our orders are produced using laser engraving – it enables us to make things impossible to mint by the traditional method to receive very thin or tiny elements as a result. But laser upon the metal provides shallow image depth and broadens our opportunities considerably. We can now transfer paintings and other complicated images to coins. The result is very interesting.
Commemorative coins of the Bank of Russia with the face value of 50 roubles are struck in “proof” quality of pure gold with the diameter of 22.6 mm, the weight of the precious metal in purity 7.78 g, in the number of 1000 pieces. The milled edge is of 134 ruffles. The artist is A.A. Brynza. The sculptor is E.A. Yastrebova. The coins were struck at the Moscow Mint of Goznak.
Commemorative coins of the Bank of Russia with the face value of 3 roubles are produced in “proof” quality of sterling silver with the diameter of 39 mm, the weight of the precious metal in purity 31.1 g, in the number of 3000 pieces. The milled edge is of 300 ruffles. The artist is A.A. Brynza. The sculptor is E.A. Tolzin. The coins were struck at the Moscow Mint of Goznak.
Commemorative coins of the Bank of Russia with the face value of 25 roubles are produced in “proof” quality of sterling silver with the diameter of 60 mm, the weight of the precious metal in purity 155.5 g, in the number of 1000 pieces. The milled edge is of 252 ruffles. The artist and the sculptor is A.A. Brynza. The coins were struck at the Moscow Mint of Goznak.
By the way,
The official celebration of the anniversary of Derbent took place in September 2015.
The Coat of Arms of Derbent was approved in 2013 for the 2000th jubilee of the city. That’s how it is described, “in the dissected shield on the right, in a silver area upon the green earth, there is a mountain of the same colour with two tops and in front of it there is a golden indented tower with two black arrow-slits, a dark-red archway and a golden wall to the right over the shield edge. Four azure wavy belts are depicted to the left of the tower. On the left, there are three dark-red poppy flowers with black centers, on green scapes with the same leaves – one upright and two across, banded with a golden cord across with two dark-red roots of madder, also across. The shield is topped with a municipal crown – golden with five sharpened waves, with dark-red joints and a gold ampyx decorated with gems along the bottom edge”.
The crown on top of the shield is heraldic, it shows that Derbent has the status of an urbant district.
The ampyx with gems means that in its historical past the city of Derbent was the capital of a state (Derbent Emirate). The red joints of the stone masonry means the city was also the capital of the province with the same name within the Russian Empire.
Derbent is one of the most ancient cities of the world. Before Crimea was annexed in 2014, it had been the most ancient city of Russia. Derbent is located in the south of Dagestan, on the western coast of the Caspian Sea, not far from the mouth of the Samur River, where the Caucasian Mountains are very close to the coast. The first settlement of Kuro-Arakskaya Culture appeared here in the early bronze age – at the end of the 4th millennium B.C. the first mention of the Caspian Gates (the oldest name of Derbent) refers to the 6th century B.C. the modern city was founded in 438 A.D. as a Persian fortress that consisted of “Naryn-Kala” citadel on a hill and two stone walls descending from it to the sea which used to lock the narrow three kilometer-long pass between the sea and the Caucasian mountains.
Today Derbent is the second largest city of Dagestan, a unique monument of the ancient history, an open-air museum, a large touristic center. In 2003 UNESCO included “Naryn-Kala” citadel and the historical part of the city into the List of the world heritage monuments.