Three coins in honor of the Russian Navy9 íîÿáðÿ 2015 ãîäà
Three coins in honor of the Russian Navy
All the three coins have the face value of 1 rouble, are made of sterling silver, with the weight of the precious metal in purity is 7.78 g. There is an inscription “Above-water Forces” on the reverse of each coin.
On the reverse of the first coin, there is a relief image of the medium emblem of the Navy of the Russian Federation.
On the reverse of the second coin, there is a relief image of a legend of the Russian Navy, “Apostle Peter” sailing and oared frigate.
The third coin depicts “Admiral of the Navy of the Soviet Union Gorshkov” frigate and a helicopter in its service.
According to Sergey Kornilov, it was not by chance that he received the work upon the sketches of these coins – the artist had served in the Navy, and later on he had made a lot of badges and medals with the Navy theme.
But in spite of his close acquaintance with the theme, the work upon the coins was not easy. The image of the emblem was the easiest from the artistic point of view. Similar coins with the emblems of other branches of troops had been produced more than once. Of course, it was necessary to work out every detail of the emblem exactly and accurately (the coin model was created using computer modelling).
The work upon creating the sketches of the two other coins was much harder. Both the artist and the customers could not choose the ships to be depicted on the coins. They tried several variants – during the centuries-long history of the Russian Navy, many ships have and are still creating its glory which are worthy of being depicted on coins. They tried different variants including “Kirov” cruiser, the first powerful military ship built in Russia in the 19th century, and modern ships – “Kuznetsov” large aircraft carrier and “Peter the Great” cruiser.
As a result, they chose to depict the first ship of Peter’s time, “Apostle Peter” frigate on one of the coins.
The first difficulty that the artist came across was that there turned out to be very little artistic material. The image observed on the coin as a result was reproduced in parts. The remaining image of the frigate without the sails was the sketch basis. The artist “collected” the rigging and small details from other materials, painstakingly.
Modelling turned out to be no less difficult; Sergey Kornilov made it himself – it was necessary to work at all the tiny details of the sailing-ship. Taking into account the fact that the coin is of a small diameter, the image should be especially exact and expressive.
The third coin depicts the most modern frigate of the Russian Navy – “Admiral of the Navy of the Soviet Union Gorshkov”. There was enough of materials for work upon this coin sketch – the frigate was built in Saint-Petersburg very recently.
However, the abundance of materials did not make the work easier – the artist created a lot of variants depicting the ship at various aspect angles. It was important to find the best one, the most expressive, for the image not to get lost because of the small coin diameter.
Vladimir Ananyin, Head of the Territorial Arts Studio of the Design Center of Goznak in Moscow, modelled the coin.
The coin sizes were determinant for choosing the technology. The coins were minted using ordinary relief proof quality. According to Sergey Kornilov, laser and other complicated technologies look advantageously on large coins. A small coin should be as laconic as possible, for the artistic expressiveness not to be lost because of the abundance of accents.
By the way,
1. The historical necessity of free access to the seas was becoming a task of prime priority and pressing, the further development of the Russian State depended on it. Peter the Great realized it very well that it was possible to achieve with the joint efforts of the Army and the Navy only. Therefore in an unbelievably short time, since November 1695 till May 1696, 36-cannon ships “Apostle Peter” and “Apostle Paul”, 4 fire ships, 23 galleys, 1300 strooks, sea boats and float boards were built in Voronezh, Bryansk, Preobrazhenskoye, Kozlov and other cities located along the banks of rivers running into the Azov Sea; they comprised the Azov Navy – the first regular formation of the Russian Navy.
The 36-cannon sailing and rowing frigate “Apostle Peter” was launched in April, 1696. In the spring of 1696, the Russian Navy appeared not far from Azov. Le Fort commanded the Navy during this campaign, and the Tsar was a volunteer at “Apostle Peter” frigate. As a result, already on July 19, 1696 Russia with the support of the Navy had the first large victory in the fight for access to the Sea – the Turkish fortress Azak (Azov) was seized; it became the first Russian sea port.
“Apostle Peter” was built according to drawings and participation of an “expert craftsman of galley constructions” August (Gustav) Meyer, Dane, who later on became the commander of the second similar 36-cannon ship “Apostle Paul”. The length of the frigate was 34.4 m; its width was 7.6 m. The ship had a flat bottom. The boards in the upper part of the hull bended inwards; that complicated boarding. The quarter-decks were open, the cut-down forecastle there remained platforms for the boarding team. The ship had three masts with topmasts and a bowsprit with a vertical outrigger. The bottom sails and topsails comprised the fore and main sailing capacity. The mizzenmast had a spanker only. Besides, there were 15 pairs of vessels for the case of no wind and for maneuvering. “Apostle Peter” served the Azov Navy successfully for 14 years. In 1712, after the unfortunate Prut campaign, the Azov Many ceased to exist. The destiny of “Apostle Peter” ship is unknown, though Peter the Great ordered “to preserve it for ever as an example for its superiority” However, the ship disappeared, and its further destiny is unknown.
2. Multi-purpose frigates of Project 22350 developed at the Northern Project and Engineering Bureau are large military ships designed for solving a broad range of tasks. The construction of the head frigate of Project 22350 “Admiral of the Navy of the Soviet Union Gorshkov” was started in 2006 at “Severnaya Verf”; it was launched on October 29, 2010; the plant sea trials began on November 8, 2014. At first their start was planned in 2013, but it was changed because of problems with the supply of the 130-mm artillery mount À-192 of “Arsenal” Engineering Bureau. After the sea and state trials were completed successfully, “Admiral Gorshkov” became a part of the Northern Navy.
The frigate displacement according to the project is 4500 tons, its length is 135 m and its width is 15 m; the draft is 4.5 m. The ship is able make the speed of up to 30 knots. It is equipped with “Kalibr-NK” universal guided missile system with the ammunition allowance of 32 “Oniks” or “Kalibr” missiles, with an opportunity of hitting the sea or shore-based targets, “Poliment-Redut” air defense system, “Paket” antisubmarine warfare, one 130-mm A-192 artillery mount, two “Palash” missile and artillery self-defense systems. The air armament consists of a helicopter Ka-27PL.
On July 26, 2015 the President of Russia Vladimir Putin held a conference dedicated to a new edition of the Naval Doctrine of Russia on board of “Admiral of the Navy of the Soviet Union Gorshkov” frigate.